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Tummy tuck (Abdominoplasty)
Patients who have loose abdominal skin and fat that is concentrated in the abdomen can benefit from tummy tuck surgery. Often, pregnancy or substantial weight loss may cause abdominal skin to become stretched out and excessive. A tummy tuck also tightens the abdominal muscles that have been separated and weakened in these cases. The procedure often eliminates stretch marks that are located below the navel, as the affected skin is removed as part of the operation.
Liposuction surgery may be considered to treat areas of excess fat in the stomach, buttocks, hips, love handles, saddlebags, thighs, calves, ankles, breasts (including male breast enlargement), back, arms and neck. Often, patients seeking liposuction have noticed areas of fat deposit that are out of proportion with the rest of the body and do not go away with diet and exercise. Since liposuction removes fat and not skin, it is well-suited for areas with minimal amounts of excess skin and good skin elasticity.
Arm lift (Brachioplasty)
Patients seeking an arm lift, otherwise known as brachioplasty, have noticed significantly loosened upper arm skin. This can be a result of weight loss or normal aging. An arm lift removes the excess skin and fat, leaving the upper arms with a tighter contour. The incision extends from the elbow to the underarm, and sometimes onto the side of the chest. In some instances, liposuction can be used alone or in conjunction with an arm lift to remove excess fat in the upper arms.
As with the arms, significant weight loss or normal aging can cause redundant skin over the thighs as well. Excess skin in the inner thigh area can cause significant chafing when patients are attempting to exercise, and many of these patients also seek improvement in the smoothness and contour. A thigh lift reshapes the thighs by removing excess skin and fat. Depending on whether the laxity is mostly in the inner or outer thigh, the location of the incision can be on the inner thigh from the groin crease to the knee, or around the top of the outer thigh.
Fat injection or grafting has broad applications in cosmetic surgery. Fat injected into areas requiring volume-enhancement produces safe, long-lasting, and natural-appearing results as volume is replaced to tissues where fat is diminished. Fat grafting usually involves harvesting fat from one part of the body, washing/ purifying it, and then carefully re-injecting it into the areas requiring augmentation. The procedure may need to be repeated several times to achieve the desired result.